Overview: The Virginia Plan for Higher Education
Virginia faces a future in which higher education will play an increasingly important role. Virginians will need deeper and broader knowledge and skills to be engaged, productive participants in our evolving Commonwealth and its economy. At the same time, the demographics of the emerging generation are changing: An increasing share of our youth will come from populations which historically have been underrepresented in both higher education and the highly educated sectors of our workforce. These changes transpire at a time when the price of attending Virginia colleges and universities has increased at unsustainable rates.
The Code of Virginia vests the State Council of Higher Education (the Council) with responsibility to develop a statewide strategic plan that reflects statutory goals for higher education in the Commonwealth, identifies a coordinated approach to such state and regional goals, and emphasizes the future needs for higher education in Virginia. Approved in October 2014, The Virginia Plan for Higher Education is designed to identify trends that the Commonwealth must address if it is to continue to prosper and succeed. Through input from higher-education partners, The Virginia Plan is intended to help guide a vision for Virginia’s future through a common framework. This framework is built on the premise that all partners in higher education must work together to help Virginia, its citizens and its regions.
Mission, Vision, and Objective
Higher education in Virginia will advance postsecondary learning, research and public service that enhance the civic and financial health of the Commonwealth and the well-being of all its people.
Vision: Higher education will transform the lives of Virginians, our communities and our Commonwealth.
Objective: Be the Best-educated State by 2030
The main objective of The Virginia Plan is to be the best-educated state by 2030. Becoming the best-educated state supports the future prosperity of Virginia, its citizens and its regions. An educated population and well-trained workforce increase economic competitiveness, improve the lives of individuals and support greater community engagement. The best-educated state means that Virginia supports higher education at all levels. This spectrum includes workforce credentials such as industry certifications, state licensures, apprenticeships and certificates, as well as traditional degrees.
Developing the Plan
Beginning early 2014, SCHEV embarked on a process to develop the statewide stratgic plan for higher education in Virginia. A set of principles guided the development of the next strategic plan for higher education in Virginia.
Strategic Plan Guiding Principles
These principles guide the development and implementation of the next strategic plan for higher education in Virginia:
- The plan will:
- promote the development and operation of an educationally and economically sound, vigorous, progressive, and coordinated system of higher education in the Commonwealth, recognizing the connections of higher education to PK-12 education and economic development.
- have broad applicability across all institutions of higher education in the Commonwealth, with primary focus on two- and four-year public institutions, and acknowledging the contributions of private institutions.
- be statewide and strategic rather than institutional and operational.
- include measurable goals for making regular progress reports.
- respect institutional diversity and autonomy.
- The plan will be informed by goals for higher education set by the Council and recent legislation including:
- Affordable access and excellence
- Achievement of long-term degree attainment goals
- Instructional and administrative innovation
- Optimal economic development impact by Virginia’s higher education system
- Development of the plan should not be hindered by fiscal limitations, although availability of financial resources will be a factor in its implementation.
- Council members serve as catalysts for greater access, affordability, quality, and accountability throughout Virginia’s excellent system of public and private colleges and universities and thus, their involvement in the development of the plan is pivotal. Progress on the development of the plan will be reviewed at all meetings of the Council and its Strategic Planning Task Force
- A comprehensive environmental scan addressing economic, socio-cultural, technological, environmental, political, legal, and policy aspects of Virginia’s higher education will inform the development of the plan.
- Implementation of the plan will not only require but also foster institutional collaboration.
- The plan will include periodic triggers that will require the Council to modify and refine the plan as it is implemented.
Regional meetings and focus groups were held across the Commonwealth in the spring of 2014 to ask about conditions, challenges, and concerns pertaining to higher education. Participants included high school and college students, high school principals and counselors, college presidents and vice presidents, and business and community leaders. Notes from Regional Interviews and Focus Groups describes the regional meetings and gives a sampling of comments that emerged from the interviews and focus groups.
During July 2014, more than 500 individuals responded to SCHEV’s invitation to give their views about higher education through a survey posted on this page. The responses assisted in guiding Council in its development of the new statewide strategic plan for higher education. Results from the Public Data Collection Instrument summarizes responses to the survey.
At its September 2014 and October 2014 meetings, Council approved a framework for the statewide strategic plan for higher education in Virginia including mission, vision, four goals, and multiple strategies aligned with each of the goals. The new strategic plan creates a coherent vision and ongoing direction for higher education in the Commonwealth. The Council discussed the next steps of the statewide strategic plan for higher education at its meeting on January 12, 2015. The meeting agenda (as available) can be found here.
The 2015 Virginia General Assembly endorsed the Statewide Strategic Plan for Higher Education with joint resolutions in both the House (click for detail) and Senate (click for detail). SCHEV’s thanks to Delegate Steve Landes and Senator Steve Martin for introducing this legislation.
An environmental scan was conducted as part of the data-gathering process for development of the statewide strategic plan. The scan included several components:
- Comprehensive data on the Commonwealth and higher education in Virginia are included in the Data Memo. A Data Memo Addendum contains related information in response to follow-up questions raised by Council.
- The Gap Analysis Memo presents an analysis of demand and supply for selected occupations using labor market projections. A Gap Analysis Memo Addendum contains related information in response to a request from Council.
- The current state of the policy, legal, and political landscape as it relates to SCHEV is described in the Policy Scan Memo.
- Responses from public and private institutions about plans for new academic programs are analyzed in the New Program Survey Results Memo.
The Goals and Strategies Memo builds upon the environmental scan and presents an initial set of goals and strategies together with rationale and possible initiatives.
Additional documents informing the process of SCHEV’s development of the statewide strategic plan include:
Historical strategic plan documents are available:
Virginia Degree and Credential Supply Model
As part of the statewide strategic planning process, the Virginia Degree and Credential Supply Model was developed. Estimates of change in the numbers of undergraduate degrees and certificates awarded under different enrollment scenarios can be calculated. Users can modify high school graduation rates and college-going rates, as well as graduation and transfer rates from two-year colleges and graduation rates from public and private colleges and universities. The tool assumes high school graduation rate projections between now and 2030 and historic graduation and transfer rates. Users are invited to use this tool to explore a variety of scenarios regarding the future of higher education in Virginia.
This graphic depicts the number of additional undergraduate credentials (degrees and certificates) awarded to students by Virginia institutions annually and by 2030, starting from the base year of 2014. The user can estimate changes in undergraduate degrees and certificates that would be awarded under different enrollment scenarios. The data in this graphic allow users to change:
- High school graduation rates
- College-going rates directly out of high school
- Public two-year graduation rates
- Transfer rates from two- to four-year colleges
- Public masters graduation rates (also rates of transfers)
- Public research graduation rates (also rates of transfers)
- Private non-profit graduation rates (also rates of transfers)
To explore the number of additional undergraduate credentials awarded if a rate is changed, first choose the rate or rates to be modified. For each rate, the user adjust the existing rate up or down from its current value using the green and red arrows or type in the new rate.
Default Scenario: The default scenario shows existing gaps for students from different ethnic/racial backgrounds and projects the additional undergraduate baccalaureate and sub-baccalaureate degrees that would be awarded annually and cumulatively under existing assumptions.As the default scenario shows, the number of baccalaureate and sub-baccalaureate degrees awarded increases if nothing changes. However, decreasing racial/ethnic gaps would result in a surge in the number of undergraduate baccalaureate and sub-baccalaureate degrees awarded over the next 15 years.
Assumptions: The underlying demographics assume the projected high school graduation rate and number of graduates between now and 2030 and the historic transfer and graduation rates by type of public and private college and university.
Limitation: The calculations are based on Virginia public and private not-for-profit institutions and exclude private for-profit institutions.
Data Sources: State Council of Higher Education for Virginia (SCHEV), the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), and the Virginia Department of Education.